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Old 11-29-2006, 11:55 AM   #1
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Default i love answering questions.

someone at CR.net was asking about retarding timing so he could plain up his boost to 8psi on a stock greddy kit. He complained that he asked the same over here and he wasn't happy with our answers, so this is the answer I gave him:

Quote:
Originally Posted by me
He was running 15psi on 1.8L injectors safely because he was using an Emanage Blue to control both fuel and timing.

There are actually three ways to reduce the probability of knock at full load on a turbocharged engine: reduce boost, adjust the AFR to richer mixture, and retard ignition timing.

Detonation is caused when the temperature in the combustion chamber exceeds the temperature of the air/fuel mixture. When exceeded, the mixture goes bang. Not a good thing, regardless of power. Detonation is the engine killer, not necessarily power.

If a system is detonation free, regardless of boost, rich/lean, power, etc., it will not fail due to bad combustion. But one knocking at a 10:1 AFR (rich) fail in a heartbeat due to an obvious over-heated air charge (think 10psi without an intercooler).

You either need to retard your static timing, invest in a Bipes ACU or MSD box, or enrich your fuel mixture.

The Bipes ACU (Auxiliary Control Unit) dynamically retards the timing of your engine to protect it from detonation or knock. The ACU uses three input parameters to control the timing: Airflow, RPM, and Intake Temperature. You can pull a total of 14° of timing. Not only will you help protect against detonation, or you gain low-end power back if you keep your static timing at 10* or advanced. The Bipes is a proven device in NA, turbo and supercharged Miatas. Aftermarket ECU and “piggyback” usually have this function built in.

The MSD Boost Control unit specifically designed for the Miata. The Bipes actually originated as a mod for this unit for added adjustability. They can still be had, but usually for the same price tag as the Bipes itself. The MSD unit retards the timing 3° per pound of boost pressure with no more that 6° of retard being allowed. When no boost pressure is present, the ignition runs at the factory timing. These settings are fixed and cannot be adjusted. With that said, you can still run your Miata advanced to 14° of timing and when it boost it will retard back to a safe 8°. If knock is still present then set your back a little. It's a little basic but it gets the job done.

To just plain retard you static timing, you'll just need a timing light and a 12mm wrench. But by doing this you'll suffer in low-end power.

You're also trying to boost way more than those injectors are suited for. At most you want to raise your fuel pressure to 100-110psi. Anymore and you risk damaging your OEM FPR, bursting fuel lines, locked injectors, and even most aftermarket fuel pumps cannot produce enough flow to the injectors past that point.

You're using the supplied Vortech FMU, which comes loaded with a 12:1 disc. So we can determine your fuel pressure at full boost with math!
12 (rise) x 8 (boost) + 50 (fuel pressure at 0 ~hg.) = 146psi of fuel in the rail at full boost.
What does this mean?
You're pushing your fuel system to the brink of failure.
You're demanding more fuel than most FPs can provide.
You're running lean due to lack of fuel
If you want to boost 8psi you need a ratio of gain that will reach a target of 100-110psi in the rail:
7 x 8 + 50 = 106psi
Then you need an injector that can flow enough fuel to support your HP

at 106psi of fuel your 1.6L injectors (203cc) can only support 150rwhp. Which on a GReddy kit is only about 5-6psi.
(317 / 10.5) x .8 / .55 = 44BHP on each injector
at 106psi of fuel 1.8L injectors (265cc) can support 190rwhp. On a GReddy kit that's around 7-8psi. So they should suit your needs perfectly fine.
(413 / 10.5) x .8 / .55 = 57BHP on each injector
So to finally answer your question, yes...getting 1.8L injectors, retarding timing, a 7:1 ratio FMU disc, and a Fuel Pump that can flow at least 27 Gal/hr. at 110psi will allow you to support 8psi. Plus I hope at that point you have an intercooler as your intake air temps will be about 100* above ambient in the manifold at that point and the amount of ignition retarding it will take to battle ping will cause your EGTs to skyrocket.

I suggest you read my FAQ link a bit and rethinking your position on the answers you can recieve on Miataturbo.net
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Old 11-29-2006, 11:58 AM   #2
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wtf is CR.net
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Old 11-29-2006, 12:04 PM   #3
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clubroadster.net
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Old 11-29-2006, 12:18 PM   #4
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Philip View Post
wtf is CR.net

that's what I was thinking...
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Old 11-29-2006, 12:46 PM   #5
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I think your failure to communicate lies within the brevity and lack of detail in your replies.

cr.net blows- no flashchat
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Old 11-29-2006, 12:48 PM   #6
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Oh ****....are we getting some flashchat going?
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Old 11-29-2006, 12:51 PM   #7
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m2cupcar...brilliant response
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Old 11-29-2006, 02:25 PM   #8
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CR is the new m.net i dont even go there anymore.
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Old 11-30-2006, 02:15 AM   #9
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Ive been to clubroadster a few times, have not gotten all that active over there because it didnt really seem to have many knowlegeable users like I am finding here. I think of it as the young hip tuner crowd guys forum. Different strokes for different folks i guess.

... anyway,
havent quite a few people boosted a greddy kit to 8 psi with bipes/msd, 1.8 injectors, and the 7:1 FMU disc safely without intercooler?
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Old 11-30-2006, 10:03 AM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by akaryrye View Post
...I think of it as the young hip tuner crowd guys forum.
I suppose the day has come when the word "tuner" no longer has anything to do with performance?
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Old 11-30-2006, 10:13 AM   #11
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yes, it's all about mirrors and dcarbon fiber there.

jesus look at his reply.....

Quote:
braineak thanks for all that advice... i dont know how you can still put up with me because im still very new to the turbo scene. You mentioned that i should be running lean right now however at WOT my cars narrowband shows RICH. So just to recap if i want 240-250whp would 1.8 injectors be ok along with the MSD box/bipes and also a walbro 190 fuel pump? Anyone know how hard it is to install a fuel pump ?
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Old 11-30-2006, 11:39 AM   #12
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heh, just say "yes" if he's not going to listen.
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Old 11-30-2006, 11:51 AM   #13
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Answer yes, and then prepare to answer this question "Does anyone know where to get a used motor cheap?"
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Old 11-30-2006, 12:02 PM   #14
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Quote:
Originally Posted by braineack View Post
yes, it's all about mirrors and dcarbon fiber there.

jesus look at his reply.....
Yeah, because that narrowband is really accurate......LMAO have fun blowing your engine, get back to me when your piston gets shot out your block and kills an innocent bystander.
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Old 11-30-2006, 12:10 PM   #15
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He doesn't understand that the nb considers _anything_ less than 14.7:1 is rich. And we consider anything over 12.5:1 too lean for boost.

His ignorance and stupidity is is the resultant of laziness. Obviously he did not read B's post. Hopefully he'll get a grasp on some of the fundamentals before he pops the motor. Maybe not. I don't care.

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Originally Posted by AndyFloyd View Post
Yeah, because that narrowband is really accurate......LMAO have fun blowing your engine, get back to me when your piston gets shot out your block and kills an innocent bystander.
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Old 11-30-2006, 12:16 PM   #16
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Quote:
Originally Posted by m2cupcar View Post
I suppose the day has come when the word "tuner" no longer has anything to do with performance?
thats why I love this site...no rice...no bullshit, just a bunch of car guys who love both the car and performance...and you don't hate on other cars...it such a cool site.
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Old 11-30-2006, 12:17 PM   #17
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They dont understand becouse they dont want to the level of ignorance over there is surprisesing
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Old 11-30-2006, 12:44 PM   #18
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Oh I hate on you guys here behind your back.....
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Old 11-30-2006, 09:21 PM   #19
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I like both sites actually. Different reasons for both.
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Old 11-30-2006, 11:53 PM   #20
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ditto.
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